In 1990 the first Human Development Report introduced a new approach for advancing human wellbeing. Human development – or the human development approach – is about expanding the richness of human life, rather than simply the richness of the economy in which human beings live. It is an approach that is focused on people and their opportunities and choices.
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The human development approach is relevant to countries at all stages of development. Learning about it can help understand the social, environmental and economic challenges faced by a society and the actions needed to address them.