Gender gaps

Gender Inequality Index (GII)

  Read the full explanation of the Gender Inequality Index (GII) on the HDRO website:

Gender Development Index (GDI)

  Read the full explanation of the Gender Development Index (GDI) on the HDRO website and learn more about this index:

Closing gender gaps throughout the life course

Our choices and opportunities, from childhood to older-age, accumulate over the life course. Breaking patterns of inequality requires us to consider the full cycle of life and identify critical intervention periods and cumulative deprivations. Children who do not have access to early childhood education may not learn as efficiently later. Youth who have a limited education, may resort to informal work or be unemployed, which can later lead to an insufficient pension. Older people may suffer illnesses and disabilities brought on from past physical labour or insufficient preventive health care. Recent Human Development Reports have experimented with presenting data in a way that highlights the gaps in capabilities and opportunities between women and men from childhood through older age. The ...

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